Smart Plug And Meter Side channel Analysis of Networked Devices With Inference from Consumption Habits (SPAMSANDWICH)

SPAWAR SSC PACIFIC

Smart Plug And Meter Side channel Analysis of Networked Devices With Inference from Consumption Habits (SPAMSANDWICH) seeks to observe the effects of malware activity on Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) devices through the analysis of power consumption side channels as reported by common smart plug or smart metering solutions.

NOMAD

SPAWAR SSC PACIFIC

Project Overview: The objective of the project is to evaluate the Building Energy Management Open-Source Software (BEMOSS), an open source platform for building energy management, and extend it to improve its security and energy saving. We will execute the project into two phases. In the first phase, we will focus on evaluating the effectiveness of BEMOSS in saving energy in a medium-size office building. BEMOSS will be deployed in our lab with a simulated building environment. This will enable the testing and analysis of BEMOSS. In the second phase of the project, we will extend BEMOSS to incorporate autonomic techniques to analyze the data generated by BEMOSS to further enhance the energy saving in buildings and the security of the system. We will leverage the Anomaly Behavior Analysis (ABA) technique developed at the Cloud and Autonomic Center at the University of Arizona for the autonomic analysis of the communications between the different components of the system with the goal of detecting security threats to the system. We will provide a detailed analysis of the performance of BEMOSS in reducing energy consumption in medium size buildings. Furthermore, we will also evaluate the functionality, efficiency, scalability, and usability of BEMOSS.

Intern Responsibilities: Participate in the specification, development, and testing of systems and applications. Optionally, participate in research papers writing for international conferences and journals.

Considered Major(s): Computer Science

Qualifications:  Interested in cloud computing, internet of things, and/or secure computing.

To apply, follow the application process and mention this opportunity when you fill out the form.

Correlation And Visualization Between Energy, Attacks, and Risks (CAVBEAR)

SPAWAR SSC PACIFIC

Project Overview: Microgrids present a number of challenges - notably in availability, energy efficiency, and interoperability - and the addition of cyber security concerns for Internet-connected microgrid components increases both the scope and complexity of these issues. Introduction of controls to limit cyber exposure of microgrid systems can help mitigate security issues, but introduce new concerns as now the system as a whole potentially has different energy requirements and efficiencies. With integration of energy data and cyber events, a much more detailed picture of microgrid energy and security performance emerges.


Correlation And Visualization Between Energy, Attacks, and Risks (CAVBEAR) seeks to explore
correlations between a variety of cyber and energy related factors through a variety of both proven and novel visualizations. This will be achieved through research in several areas: 1) experimentation in a lab setting on the effects of different types of cyber-attacks on a simulated microgrid, with particular attention paid to the change in power consumption of the microgrid as the attacks progress, 2) the effects of tightened cyber security controls on energy efficiency of microgrids, 3) development of an engine to explore the correlation between energy, cyber-attack, and cyber-defense events as they occur, and 4) an intuitive visualization system that allows a microgrid manager to quickly assess a microgrid for energy efficiency in the context of various cyber events, identify specific energy events that have a cyber impact (or vice-versa), and develop plans for future incidents. This ultimately will provide the microgrid manager both a tool for managing operations, but also a decision aid through deeper understanding of the relationship between energy and cyber security.

Intern Responsibilities: Conduct cyber-focused side-channel lab experiments on a variety of devices, including documentation of configuration, process, and results. Continue development on machine learning algorithms, using experimental data for training and testing. Continue development on 3D user interface, allowing clear visualization of data features and findings.

Considered Major(s): Computer Science

Qualifications: Web development and familiarity with JavaScript. Familiarity with common cyber defense tools such as firewalls, intrusion detection/prevention systems, anti-virus, vulnerability scanners. 

To apply, follow the application process and mention this opportunity when you fill out the form.

Hypercritical Operational Technology Mitigation of Embedded Sploit Syndrome (HOTMESS)

SPAWAR SSC PACIFIC

Project Overview: Hypercritical Operational Technology Mitigation of Embedded Sploit Syndrome (HOTMESS) aims to evaluate the security posture of JACE devices and to analyze the layered-defense approaches used to mitigate their vulnerabilities to reduce the risk of physical damage and potential loss, both financial and human, due to cyber-attacks on Industrial Control Systems (ICS) and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) networks.

HOTMESS is developing the following to assess the security posture of JACE controllers: 1. A cybersecurity vulnerability assessment tool that searches for vulnerabilities in JACE-like devices, enabling analysis and verification of potential vulnerabilities. 2. An evaluation environment for exploring vulnerabilities in these types critical system controllers, and the commercially available mitigation solutions to bridge the vulnerability gap. HOTMESS will demonstrate both the vulnerabilities, as well as possible mitigations of those vulnerabilities within JACE-like devices. It will evaluate available layered-defense approaches for securing JACE controllers to protect against the rising costs of cyber attacks and protect equipment from harm

Intern Responsibilities: 

Education Prerequisites: 

To apply, follow the application process and mention this opportunity when you fill out the form.

Hardware in The Loop (HIL)

SPAWAR SSC PACIFIC

Project Overview: The emphasis of this technology evaluation is to further the Energy Innovation Lab’s capability to develop, test and evaluate control systems. It will serve as a test facility and training platform that has the potential to host and assist other ESTEP projects, minimizing risk and reducing cost to new or existing projects during transition from simulation to prototype. HIL testing capability will enable greater workforce development for the Energy Innovation Lab team and interns.

HIL capability will help achieve determinism by execution of real-time application on computer-
based hardware. Many entities will benefit from hardware in the loop engineers, interns and project managers. It may help with their ongoing projects, or help them with testing their hardware for future projects, implement selected tools to emulate current ESTEP projects (i.e. the DGS pier microgrid, microgrid control systems for energy village).

This two-year research project will add a new stand-alone test bed platform to SPAWAR SSC-
Pacific’s Energy Innovation Lab. HIL emulator and software will reside in the Energy Innovation Lab, providing a demonstration of the capabilities of HIL testing while remaining accessible to other projects. A standard operating procedure (SOP) will be created to assist potential users interested in testing and/or evaluating control systems. A technical report will be generated covering a market survey of available HIL tools, protocols for characterization and evaluation of HIL emulators, and review of ability to use and integrate evaluated HIL emulators into SPAWAR systems.

Intern Responsibilities: Software modeling of existing Micro-grid systems in Matlab Simulink. Integration of hardware with software modeling. Market Survey and get quotes of existing Products that project can use. Ability to use Matlab and adapt with new changes that take place when testing different technologies using same software.

Education Prerequisites: Electrical Engineer interested in working with Matlab Simulink. Computer Engineer with experience or know Matlab, Simulink and interested in working in Matlab project.

To apply, follow the application process and mention this opportunity when you fill out the form.

Develop Energy Use Trends Using Innovative Visualization Techniques / Analysis Tools

SPAWAR SSC PACIFIC

Project Overview: The goal of this project is to model the energy usage of navy
operated buildings using existing metering data and the audit information.

Intern Responsibilities: Extract building attributes and energy usage of each building from the pdf files. Perform exploratory data analysis to summarize statistical distribution of building attributes. Build predictive models of energy consumption using building characteristics attributes. Build visualization dashboards to synopsize the findings.

Qualifications: Comfortable working in scripting languages used in analytics (Python preferred). Experience with data visualization tools such as Tableau, D3.js, etc. Exposure to statistical/machine learning tools and techniques. Motivated learner pursuing undergrad in quantitative field.

To apply, follow the application process and mention this opportunity when you fill out the form.

Cyber Security and Energy Efficiency Research

SPAWAR SSC PACIFIC

Overview: The mission of the project is to develop a framework that enables the proper and efficient evaluation of technologies for securing SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) networks for various industrial government applications, including the electric grid. These networks allow digital input from computing components that might be thousands of miles away to control physical assets (like motors, actuators, pumps, etc.) The problem is that the unprotected nature, interconnected paradigm, and global footprint of SCADA networks makes them extremely vulnerable to security threats and cyber-attacks.

Responsibilities: Interns will help develop requirements, designs, case studies, technologies, and ultimately evaluate solutions that support secure and energy efficient systems. This work will include doing research on new topics as well as learning new tools/programming languages to develop software applications.

Considered Major(s): Computer Science, Computer Engineering, or related fields

Qualifications: Basic programming experience and willing to learn new skills

To apply, follow the application process and mention this opportunity when you fill out the form.